#### The Socialist Phenomenon

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For a history of mathematics in general, see History of mathematics In in the United States, mathematicians were desired as teachers, calculating machine operators, mechanical engineers, accounting auditor bookkeepers, and actuary statisticians One of the earliest known mathematicians was Thales of Miletus c. The number of known mathematicians grew when Pythagoras of Samos c. The first woman mathematician recorded by history was Hypatia of Alexandria AD – She succeeded her father as Librarian at the Great Library and wrote many works on applied mathematics. Because of a political dispute, the Christian community in Alexandria punished her, presuming she was involved, by stripping her naked and scraping off her skin with clamshells some say roofing tiles. It was extensive patronage and strong intellectual policies implemented by specific rulers that allowed scientific knowledge to develop in many areas. Funding for translation of scientific texts in other languages was ongoing throughout the reign of certain caliphs, [4] and it turned out that certain scholars became experts in the works they translated and in turn received further support for continuing to develop certain sciences.

## The Math Behind Online Dating (IACI)

See Article History Indian mathematics, the discipline of mathematics as it developed in the Indian subcontinent. The mathematics of classical Indian civilization is an intriguing blend of the familiar and the strange. For the modern individual, Indian decimal place-value numerals may seem familiar—and, in fact, they are the ancestors of the modern decimal number system.

Familiar too are many of the arithmetic and algebraic techniques involving Indian numerals.

A quadratic equation is a second-order polynomial equation in a single variable x ax^2+bx+c=0, (1) with a!=0. Because it is a second-order polynomial equation, the fundamental theorem of algebra guarantees that it has two solutions. These solutions may be both real, or both complex. Among his many other talents, Major General Stanley in Gilbert and Sullivan’s operetta the Pirates of Penzance.

See Article History Alternative Titles: Pharaonic Egypt thrived for some 3, years through a series of native dynasties that were interspersed with brief periods of foreign rule. After Alexander the Great conquered the region in bc, urban Egypt became an integral part of the Hellenistic world. Under the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty, an advanced literate society thrived in the city of Alexandria, but what is now Egypt was conquered by the Romans in 30 bc. Pyramids dating from the 3rd millennium bc, Giza plateau near Cairo.

Following the conquests, both urban and rural culture began to adopt elements of Arab culture, and an Arabic vernacular eventually replaced the Egyptian language as the common means of spoken discourse. The French occupation, which ended in , marked the first time a European power had conquered and occupied Egypt, and it set the stage for further European involvement.

The concern of the European powers namely France and the United Kingdom , which were major shareholders in the canal to safeguard the canal for strategic and commercial reasons became one of the most important factors influencing the subsequent history of Egypt. In a military coup installed a revolutionary regime that promoted a combination of socialism and Pan-Arab nationalism.

Egypt led the Arab states in a series of wars against Israel but was the first of those states to make peace with the Jewish state, which it did in With opposition political activity tightly restricted, decades of popular frustration erupted into mass demonstrations in The uprising forced Pres. Power was transferred to an elected government in , and a new constitution was adopted at the end of the year.

This elected government, however, was toppled a year later when the military intervened to remove the newly elected president, Mohammed Morsi , a member of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood, following a series of massive public demonstrations against his administration.

## Q: Why does iron kill stars?

That’s because women generally message men who are five points more attractive as rated by OKCupid users than they are, while they typically receive messages from men who are seven points less attractive than they are. At the same time, OKCupid found that men currently send 3. Here’s how it works:

Reporter: It’s a little more of “Beautiful mind.” Then T than “The notebook” but it still got the job done. Chris Mckinley is so fed up with online dating he rye sorted to math to find his true love.

Here are 22 things you might not know about the movie on its 30th anniversary. Paramount Pictures “We tore up the script so badly that we had parts all over the lawn,” Murray told Starlog. To remake the story, we took the romantic element [Frank’s relationship with his former girlfriend, Claire, played by Karen Allen] and built that up a little more. The family scenes were kind of off, so we worked on that.

He makes a cameo in Scrooged as a street musician, where he plays alongside fellow musical legends Miles Davis, David Sanborn, and Larry Carlton. You tend to forget what was wrong. I just figured that anyone who’s good could step into this part and have a lot of fun with it. It’s sort of a wicked character. The idea of making a funny Scrooge was an inspired touch. That’s what was appealing to me about it.

You have the most irreverent humorist since W. But Donner told Philadelphia Daily News that what they witnessed in that pivotal scene was something much greater: I saw Billy Murray become an actor.

## Quadratic Equation

The history of checkers can be traced to the very cradle of civilization, where vestiges of the earliest form of the game was unearthed in an archeological dig in the ancient city of Ur in southern Mesopotamia, which is now modern day Iraq. Using a slightly different board, no one is sure of the exact rules of the game which was carbon dated at B. A similar game using a 5×5 board, called Alquerque is known to have existed in ancient Egypt as far back as B.

This Egyptian version was so popular that man played it for thousands of years. Then, in the year A. This modified game was then called “Fierges” or “Ferses,” but it was more appropriately called as “Le Jeu Plaisant De Dames,” because it was considered a women’s social game.

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It supposes that Einstein’s dreams informed his inspiration for his theories on time, and takes a surreal look into his creative impulses. In this story, time is measured in images, not hours or days–time is variously a line, a circle, a hangman’s noose. A musical of this little book– essentially an amalgam of parables — is also in the works. A Stage Portrait This one-person bio-drama covered a lot of territory, with flashbacks from Einstein’s Princeton home to various phases of his personal and professional life.

These Nobel Prize winners differed widely on the scientist’s purpose Einstein believed that his job was to put ideas out there; Haber believed in harnessing his talents to practical application. Einstein, a pacifist, remained a Jew, while Haber pragmatically converted to Christianity, only to learn that to the Germany he loved so much he would always be a Jew. Ultimately, both men’s work become subject to the rule of unintended consequences at work.

The Einstein Project The Einstein met here was an intense, charismatic but not very loving or lovable man. His relationship with his overly sensitive son are used to most tellingly illustrates the contradictions and flaws in his personality. He had an intense relationship with the boy, yet overchallenged him cruelly and ends up putting his public concerns before the boy’s needs. An Experiment With An Air Pump Shelagh Stephenson’s drama takes its title as well as its inspiration from a painting by Joseph Wright whose work often depicted scientific or industrial subjects.

In “An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump” the painter captured a scene demonstrating that life could not exist in a vacuum.

## Inside OKCupid: The math of online dating – Christian Rudder

When wondering across the vast plains of the internet, you may have come across this bizarre fact, that , and immediately wondered: How can it be a fraction? The thing falls out of an obscure, if-it-applies-to-you-then-you-already-know-about-it, branch of mathematics called number theory. You know what this bridge would do if it kept going. But there are two ways to diverge:

The Mathematics of Love. If this was a s-style dating scenario in which the boys approached the girls, each boy would hit on his top-choice girl, Fry says.

The dating site founded by Harvard students in matches singles looking for love based on a compatibility percentage rendered from a questionnaire. In total, he had gone on just six first dates since signing up and less than women had over a 90 per cent compatibility rating. During an early morning computer lab session, it dawned on McKinlay that he could apply his data skills to the site.

Mathematician Chris McKinlay right found his future-fiancee Christine Tien Wang on OkCupid using a computer-generated algorithm – all in less than 90 days The way OkCupid works is that individuals create their own profiles, and then answer questions from a pool of thousands of questions. They answer each randomly picked question and then they weight the importance of that question on a scale from ‘irrelevant’ to ‘mandatory’.

McKinlay realized that he could only be matched with someone if they answered the same questions as him. In order to get around that, he created 12 robot profiles that answered all of the questions randomly, so that he could mine the survey answers from all the female profiles. After three weeks, McKinlay had collected 6 million question answers from 20, women across the country while spending most nights sleeping in his computer lab cubicle. Using an algorithm he was then able to sort the women, focusing on a sample of 5, who live in LA or San Francisco and had logged onto the site within the last month.

The algorithm was then able to sort the women into different clusters of types based on characteristics in their profiles. Two clusters of women he found particularly interesting.

## Quadratic Equation

The sum of digits of prime numbers is evenly distributed May 12, PhysOrg. This hypothesis, first made in , has recently been proven by French researchers The 22 million digit number and the amazing maths behind primes January 21, It is a quite extraordinary figure. Dr Curtis Cooper from the University of Central Missouri has found the largest-known prime number — written It is around 22m digits long and, if printed in full, would New largest prime number found January 20, Phys.

Mathematics, the science of structure, order, and relation that has evolved from elemental practices of counting, measuring, and describing the shapes of objects. It deals with logical reasoning and quantitative calculation, and its development has involved an increasing degree of .

About a Boston mass whiz who hacked his way to true love and figured out how to get the girl of his dreams. It’s a little more of “Beautiful mind. Chris Mckinley is so fed up with online dating he rye sorted to math to find his true love. I probably went on maybe a date or two a month for four or five months. Frustrated but still hopeful Mckinley says he built his own algorithm to attract the best matches from the dating site he was on, okaycupid.

This was very much grad student geek mode. He wrote a book entitled “Optimal cupid” says he set up six fake profiles and used them to get information from about 20, women on a site. So there were seven clusters of people all of whose answers were similar.

## The Indisputable Existence of Santa Claus

It shows Babylon in the centre with the Euphrates River, mountains and a surrounding ocean. Humans have long recognised the importance and value of maps to their lives. Indeed, the history of mapping can be traced to more than 5, years ago.

Sep 25, · A world-renowned retired mathematician claims he has proof to solve a math problem dating back to , potentially worth $1 million.

David Robert Grimes, a doctor of physics and postdoctoral researcher at Oxford University, was travelling on the no-frills airline when he took exception to the claim that buying two scratch cards for the price of one would drastically boost a passenger’s chances of winning. The scientist posted a picture of a notepad on Twitter with a scribbled calculation working out whether what the airline said was true. Ryanair doing 2 scratch cards for price of 1, claimed it’d double your odds of winning.

This is a fine hill to die on, damn it! The airline has also come under fire in the past with accusations that it does not pass on profits from its scratch card sales to charities, as it claims. Though the only way the claim could strictly be true is if your chances of winning are absolutely zero, or if you buy zero cards – probably not the ringing endorsement Ryanair intended.

He was keen to note that calculations like the one in his tweet are “quite removed” from his usual line of work, which focuses on mathematical modelling of tumours and science writing. Promathstination if you will. Earlier this year, Oxford scientists worked out that there is more chance of winning the lottery than beating the airline’s “random” seating allocation policy.

In this case, Ryanair, and its long-suffering cabin crew, can probably stick with the more “catchy” claim. Ryanair told The Independent: We also offer a bundle of 7 cards for the price of 5!

## Scott Johnson died as a victim of a gay hate crime, third coronial inquest finds

Home Articles The maths of online dating The maths of online dating You might not think that finding your true love and mathematics have much in common, however increasingly you would be wrong. Just like the fact that more people are shopping online every year, more people are also dating online. This means that online dating is big business and consequently the sites that are best at helping people to meet their future partners are going to succeed in the market.

This means that online dating sites need to have the best method for matching people and this is where the mathematics comes in. Assuming an online dating site has a large group of members, you need a way for people to be matched to others who they have a chance of being compatible with.

The history of checkers goes back to the dawn of civilization. It is a simple, ancient game that defined man’s capacity for logical reasoning.

Because much of genetics is based on quantitative data, mathematical techniques are used extensively in genetics. The laws of probability are applicable to crossbreeding and are used to predict frequencies of specific genetic constitutions in offspring. Geneticists also use statistical methods to determine… Ancient mathematical sources It is important to be aware of the character of the sources for the study of the history of mathematics.

The history of Mesopotamian and Egyptian mathematics is based on the extant original documents written by scribes. Although in the case of Egypt these documents are few, they are all of a type and leave little doubt that Egyptian mathematics was, on the whole, elementary and profoundly practical in its orientation. For Mesopotamian mathematics, on the other hand, there are a large number of clay tablets, which reveal mathematical achievements of a much higher order than those of the Egyptians.

The tablets indicate that the Mesopotamians had a great deal of remarkable mathematical knowledge, although they offer no evidence that this knowledge was organized into a deductive system. Future research may reveal more about the early development of mathematics in Mesopotamia or about its influence on Greek mathematics, but it seems likely that this picture of Mesopotamian mathematics will stand. This stands in complete contrast to the situation described above for Egyptian and Babylonian documents.

Although, in general outline, the present account of Greek mathematics is secure, in such important matters as the origin of the axiomatic method , the pre-Euclidean theory of ratios, and the discovery of the conic sections , historians have given competing accounts based on fragmentary texts, quotations of early writings culled from nonmathematical sources, and a considerable amount of conjecture. Many important treatises from the early period of Islamic mathematics have not survived or have survived only in Latin translations, so that there are still many unanswered questions about the relationship between early Islamic mathematics and the mathematics of Greece and India.

In addition, the amount of surviving material from later centuries is so large in comparison with that which has been studied that it is not yet possible to offer any sure judgment of what later Islamic mathematics did not contain, and therefore it is not yet possible to evaluate with any assurance what was original in European mathematics from the 11th to the 15th century.

## The Checkered History of Checkers

The word “socialism” often implies two quite different phenomena: A doctrine and an appeal based on it, a program for changing life, and A social structure that exists in time and space. The most obvious examples include Marxism as contained in the “classic” writings of Marx and others and the social structure that exists in the U.

With plays inspired by the sciences growing into a full genre, I thought readers would find it helpful to have this annotated list of such plays reviewed at CurtainUp. All things considered, everything on this list offered something of interest though there were as many misses as hits.

This is my face. Alongside her academic position, Hannah is an experienced public speaker giving conference keynotes and taking the joy of maths into theatres and schools. You can find the podcasts of that show here. The Mathematics of Love: You can find her on twitter and instagram: Now with a fetching new cover, because there’s nothing more Christmassy than RED. And we’re ready to answer the big, important questions..

Like, how do you apply game theory to select who should be on your Christmas shopping list? Can you predict Her Majesty’s Christmas Message? Will calculations show Santa is getting steadily thinner – shimmying up and down chimneys for a whole night – or fatter – as he tucks into a mince pie and a glass of sherry in billions of houses across the world? Because who hasn’t always wondered how to set up a mathematically perfect secret santa?

Finally we prove once and for all that maths isn’t just for old men with white hair and beards who associate with elves. The Mathematics of Love I’ll be the first to admit that love and mathematics don’t seem to fit naturally together. But that doesn’t mean that maths doesn’t have anything to offer.